"If you want to go fast, go alone. If you want to go far, go together."
Meet the newest member of our community, Julian.
This was the hottest summer ever, in my opinion, anyway. I gave birth to my son in August and have since then been spending the 4th trimester relaxing, reflecting, and enjoying our time of bonding. This postpartum period has introduced intense emotions of love and devotion, that which I've never experienced before. It has also conjured up great sadness. Bringing such innocence into this broken world has felt irresponsible and careless. But, as my friend and doula put it, more healthy humans is what this world needs. His existence is a drop in the pond but the ripple created extends outward and affects every other molecule that is touched.
I'm sorry, Julian, for bringing you into a world wrought with so many problems. But, I can show you a place where beauty and productivity coexist. I can show you the good that comes from collaboration.
The trees we plant benefit his future as the climate crisis continues. The edible perennials are for his nourishment in the years to come. The diversity we cultivate is for his resiliency. And the spaces we rewild are his to find the magic within.
I can only do so much as one human to improve the injustices that exist. I can't fix all the broken systems. But each of us individually (it's more fun to work together!) can all do something that would contribute towards positive shifts. As I learn to navigate this new version of my old life, I'm energized to return to this Purposeful Work we do here to build community and heal people and land while growing nourishing food, not only for the benefit of all creatures, but for my son's future.
FALL CSA TIME IS HERE!
We are now taking signups for our Fall Meat CSA! It is 3 monthly pickups starting in November and ending in mid-January. You can pick up here at the farm, in Lancaster, at the Horn Farm Center, or in Dillsburg. And, there are some new share options including lamb and mutton shares, bones, organs, fats, and odd bits.
Give us a call or send us an email with orders or questions. And you can find more details about each share on our website. Thanks!
FALL CSA PRICES
FULL LAMB - $165 (5 lbs per share)
HALF LAMB - $100 (3 lbs per share)
MUTTON - $110 (4 lbs per share)
BONES - $20
ORGANS - $20
FULL PORK - $130 (5 lbs per share)
HALF PORK - $80 (3 lbs per share)
SAUSAGE - $65 (3 lbs per share)
BONES - $15
FAT - $12
ODDS AND ENDS - $20
FULL BEEF - $130 (5 lbs per share)
GROUND - $65 (3 lbs per share)
BONES - $20
FAT - $10
BIOCHAR, SOIL HEALTH, AND CLIMATE
The Amazon basin contains some of the most lush forests in the world. Yet despite the incredible density of life that exists there, the soils of the Amazon rainforest are surprisingly thin. If the tree cover is removed, the exposed soils quickly bake in the intense sun and erode away in the heavy thunderstorms, leaving behind dry hardpan that few plants can grow in. However, scattered throughout the Amazon are patches of deep, black soils known as terra preta. These unusual patches of fertility are much less prone to erosion than the surrounding soils and can stand up to the slash-and-burn agriculture commonly practiced there. Terra preta soils allow crops to be produced for longer on the same piece of land and allow the forest to regenerate once the farmers move on. These soils are not naturally occurring; they were created by the human civilizations that existed there before the arrival of Europeans. What is the secret to these amazing soils? Biochar.
Biochar is charcoal that is used for soil fertility. It is produced from some type of biomass, usually crop residue, wood, animal manure, or other organic waste materials. Anyone who has checked the fire pit in the morning after an evening spent around a campfire is familiar with charcoal. It is the lightweight, black pieces of half-burnt wood left behind in the ash. Charcoal is created by heating biomass in a low oxygen environment. The organic matter is partially combusted, and what remains is charcoal. Very little carbon is burnt off in this process; most of it is retained in the biochar.
What makes biochar so special is its incredibly high level of porosity. A tiny piece of biochar has thousands of microscopic nooks and crannies which are perfect for grabbing and holding onto minerals and nutrients. This property creates immense benefits when biochar is applied to soils. Fertilizer that isn’t directly taken up by crops is grabbed and held by biochar, preventing nutrient run-off into waterways. The nutrients that are held by the biochar can then be utilized by crops as they grow, reducing the amount of fertilizer that needs to be applied. The little crevices will also hold water, slowing stormwater run-off and holding moisture in the soil for longer periods. This increases the drought resistance of crops, which is becoming increasingly important as rainfall patterns are altered by climate change. In addition, the carbon in biochar is very stable; some the biochar in the terra preta soils of the Amazon is over a thousand years old. If the process is done properly, the use of biochar can sequester carbon in soils for hundreds to thousands of years.
On the first brisk morning of our fall season, a lively group of people descended upon the farm with one thing in mind: to learn the secrets of biochar from Gary Gilmore. Gary is a PA State forester who has a passion for charcoal which began at childhood. That passion lead him to become a blacksmith as and adult, then, as a forester later in life, it all came back full circle. Needless to say, he is our local authority on biochar.
We discussed the history of biochar use by Native peoples, the history of charcoal as fuel , the chemistry and process of how to make it, selective sustainable forestry practices for acquiring material, the health benefits for both humans and animals as a dietary supplement, and just how easy it is to make! If you have a fire pit or wood stove, you can make it! We also learned about the importance of including biochar in agriculture and other earth works as soil amendments, and how that applies in regenerative farming systems like ours.
Along with the simple two barrel kiln demonstration, Gary also brought other delightful hand made contraptions to show case that either made or burned charcoal as fuel. His small indoor wood stove was outfitted for creating charcoal within a couple hours while producing heat (demonstrated as he roasted chestnuts on the stove top!). The grand finale came with the firing up of an electric generator, typically ran on gasoline, that was powered off of a wood gasifier burning charcoal. As we all "ooooo"ed and "aaawwww"ed, he hooked up an electric chainsaw to the generator so he could cut fresh logs for the purpose of making more biochar!
Saturday, October 26 - Open Farm Day and Yoga!
Free outdoor Yoga class with Emily from 9:00 to 9:45, followed by Open Farm Day from 10:00 to 4:00. Come join us for the day to explore our permaculture-focused farm. Farm tours will be held at 10:00 and 2:00, and will offer an opportunity to see our Scottish Highland cattle and calves, Katahdin sheep, Idaho Pastured Pigs, laying hens of several breeds, along with our Shiitake mushroom yard and the rest of the farm. (There is a golf cart available for anyone with mobility challenges.) We are also planting lots more trees this fall, so join in to plant a tree or two anytime all day!
Saturday, November 9 -Riparian Buffer Tree Planting
Come join us anytime between 9:00 and 3:00 to help fill in our Riparian Buffer with more trees and shrubs! We will be planting tulip poplar, tupelo, river birch, hackberry and more, continuing to diversify the wild life habitat along Little Chiques creek. Thanks to Chesapeake Bay Foundations Keystone 10 Million Trees Project for facilitating the regeneration of the Susquehanna river valley! Join us for soup and bread if you are helping to plant over the lunch hour! Remember to bring boots, work clothes that can get dirty, gloves, and a water bottle. Please bring your favorite shovel if you have one as our supply is limited.
Saturday, November 23 - Tree Planting pt 2
Come along and join us in planting willow trees in a low section of our pasture. Together we will add to the riparian buffer and create a coppice patch, or copse (trees that are managed for wood by pruning without killing the tree)! Again, join us for soup and bread if you plan to be here over the lunch hour, and bring appropriate clothing and items listed above.
Spring flew swiftly by, and summer came; and if the village had been beautiful at first, it was now in the full glow and luxuriance of its richness. The great trees, which had looked shrunken and bare in the earlier months, had now burst into strong life and health; and stretching forth their green arms over the thirsty ground, converted open and naked spots into choice nooks, where was a deep and pleasant shade from which to look upon the wide prospect, steeped in sunshine, which lay stretched out beyond. The earth had donned her mantle of brightest green; and shed her richest perfumes abroad. It was the prime and vigour of the year; all things were glad and flourishing."
Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist
Summer is the time of beautiful sunrises and sunsets
In our last newsletter in April we talked about the first signs of spring growth that were hinting at the promises of summer. The summer Solstice has just passed, and we are now well into this hot and wet summer and new life and growth abound! We have 17 new lambs, 5 calves, 13 piglets, and 50+ chicks. Our cows and sheep are loving the lush pasture grass, the sows, boar and piglets are happily foraging, and the chicks are moved out of the barn and feeding in the abundant green growth. All of the trees that were planted at the two April tree plantings have had a great start with the plentiful sun and rain. And the vegetable garden looks great with no need to worry about watering!
We were very grateful for all of those who helped to plant hawthorn trees to form a living hedge and riparian buffer trees to create more habitat and erosion control in our pasture and on the bank of the Little Chiques Creek. We continue to enjoy the increasing wildlife, and our latest new species sighting was a woodcock on the pasture in late June. In addition to our own farm events like the tree plantings, we were happy to host a two-day Tractor Safety and Maintenance for women, sponsored by PA-WAGN (Pennsylvania Women in Agriculture Network) and taught by Shane LaBrake, tractor guru extraordinaire!
Interns Erica and Rachel have settled in to the farm routines, and have been a welcome addition to the life of the farm community. With more hands we are accomplishing more than ever, yet still have many more ideas than we can put into practice! We hope that your lives are also full of good work, good play, and more ideas than you have time to explore! - Kay
We are expanding our farm store to make it more easy to stop by and purchase meats, mushrooms and eggs. We have added a new freezer so we can stock all of our normal cuts as well as odd cuts of lamb/mutton, beef, and pork. Stop by 8am-7pm on Monday-Saturday, Sunday is appointment only. Thanks!
We continue to have a bounty of Shiitake mushrooms so please contact us if you would like to buy these wonderful forest-grown delights. $7 for a 1/2 lb of the best mushrooms you've ever tasted!
You can just saute them in oil and butter too :)
Our goal as farmers utilizing permaculture techniques is always to create ecologically sound and resilient agricultural/natural systems that have multiple yields. We don't want a fruit tree to only produce fruit, but to also provide wildlife habitat, build topsoil, form beneficial relationships with herbs and fungi and wildflowers, and be beautiful too. So with each system on the farm we are looking to diversify the roles and components because the more relationships, connections, and yields in a natural system, the more likely it can withstand extremes of weather (seems pretty common these days) and other stresses.
Our sheep have grazed with our cows to help add fertility to the silvopasture, eat the weeds and forages cows don't prefer, and produce lamb as a byproduct of their diligent digestion and rumination of plants. We have seen their love of "weeds" firsthand and were wondering what other functions they could play on the farm. So, we have been experimenting with sheep in our small tree orchard, across the road in the chestnut and hazel patch (hog heaven pastures), and soon they will venture into the woods in the areas we planted riparian trees this spring to restore the woodland ecology by grazing invasive multi-flora rose. Its been a joy to see how they have mowed, pruned and weeded these systems so far and how much they are enjoying it. You can feel the calmer energy in the flock as they happily munch together with their heads down and their tails wagging (yes sheep wag their tails sometimes). And, by grazing these new areas we have effectively added 6 free acres of suitable sheep pasture, fertilized and weeded these tree plantings (the trees are protected by tree tubes), added diversity to the sheep's diet which helps growth and protects against disease, and broken the parasite cycle that can plague sheep by doubling the amount of time before they graze the same area! It is another wonderful example of how the health of sheep, the land, and people are tied together as what is right for one of them in a natural system will be right for all three. - Harrison
Sheep busy in the orchard weeds
FOOD AND JUSTICE
It is estimated that at least 6 out of 10 of our country’s farm workers are undocumented (Southern Poverty Law Center). So in this edition we would like to highlight Shut Down Berks Coalition, a group of organizations and individuals whos mission is to close the Berks County Family Detention Center, one of 3 ICE immigrant detention centers in PA.
Quoted from theirwebsite: "In 2019 the Berks County Detention Center (BCRC) will be entering its fifth year in operation as a immigrant family prison. That is five years of human rights abuses, due process violations, disregard of Pennsylvania and Federal law and the immoral and unjust treatment of immigrant families. The Shut Down Berks Coalition will continue to fight until this inhumane prison is shut down and family detention is put to an end in Pennsylvania. Governor Tom Wolf, Lt. Governor John Fetterman and the Pennsylvania Department of Human Services have the power to issue an Emergency Removal Order (ERO) on the Berks County Detention Center, an action that would ensure the facility can no longer be used as a prison. It is not only their moral obligation to keep families out of this prison but their legal responsibility."
Shut Down Berks Coalition has been very busy since their beginning utilizing a wide variety of tactics including organizing vigils, call-in days, rallies, and non-violent direct actions. They are currently on tour screening a short film documentary, "Las Madres de Berks". The film shares the testimonials of four mothers who have spent 2 years detained at BCRC with their children. The next two viewings are at the Lancaster public library,July 20th, and Susquehanna Art Museum in Harrisburg, July 21st. Both will be followed with a talk back on how to get involved. To see their full list of events check out their website or facebook page.
We acknowledge that we live in a Nation of immigrants, refugees, and people brought here against their will, who have settled on colonized, stolen land among the traumatized survivors. To deny sanctuary to anyone fleeing from violence is morally wrong. Denying immigration to anyone not of Anglo/European descent is racist. No one is illegal. - Jono
August 10 - Open Farm Day - 9:30am - 4pm
Visit us for a day of sharing about the farm. There will be a farm tour at 10am and also at 2pm with lots of time in between to ask questions and learn more about our little regenerative farm. Its also just a great time to relax on the farm. Farm products will be for sale as well. Hope to see you there!
September TBA - Biochar Workshop with Gary Gilmore
Gary has spent years as a forester making and exploring the various uses of charcoal and biochar for farms, cooking fuel, water filtration, and restoration. Come learn with Gary in a hands-on workshop of how to make charcoal using various low-tech methods and then turn it into biochar (charcoal mixed with nutrients) to be used for soil fertility, carbon sequestration, livestock health, water filtration, cooking fuel, mitigating odors, or a humanure composting system. Details and a date will be announced soon. Here is a video of one of Gary's setups in action. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiFHXg9o2wo
"Being naturalized to place means to live as if this is the land that feeds you, as if these are the streams from which you drink, that build your body and fill your spirit... To become naturalized is to live as if your children's future matters, to take care of the land as if our lives and the lives of all our relatives depend on it. Because they do."
~Robin Wall Kimmerer, "Braiding Sweetgrass"
Spring means calves are soon to be born!
While spring always brings change, transitions, and new beginnings for the growing season, this year in particular seems to have us welcoming more into our lives than normal. We are excited to welcome our first ever interns Rachel and Erica to the farm this season. We are hoping to teach and show many aspects of regenerative agriculture and living in community with them as we also learn from the skills and experiences they bring to our farm. And it is always good to have more helping hands as our list of tasks and farming systems grows. We also are focusing on new areas of cultivation and stewardship on the farm this year that we haven't had the time or designs to create yet. Particularly, we are hoping to spend a great deal more effort on healing our riparian woodlands through invasive species removal and planting more diverse native trees and shrubs; building an outdoor kitchen for cooking with wood from the farm and also an earth-sheltered greenhouse that will provide year-round growing space; and working with new organizations, groups and people to help foster connections to our local ecology and the beautiful world that we live in. The projects and task lists abound!
One of those recent community connections was an ecological design course taught by our good friends Ben Weiss, Robyn Mello, and Wilson Alvarez that used our farm as a teaching ground this past Sunday for their 30 students. It was a wonderful day for everyone to learn from each other about different farming systems as well as how to look at the whole farm landscape from an ecological perspective. We met many new faces of people interested in these topics whom we hope to see again and collaborate with in the future. It is becoming more apparent to us that spending the time to make these human relationships flourish is often what is needed to find better and more creative ways to make our natural landscapes flourish too. We can learn so much from each other. I hope you can make the time amidst the spring bustle to build deeper and more growth-oriented and collaborative relationships in your lives whether it is with people, animals or trees.
Eggs - We have so many tasty pasture-raised chicken eggs available for sale at the farm now till June when our CSA starts so come and get them! $5/dozen
Summer CSA Shares Available - Our Summer CSA offers egg, shiitake mushroom, and grass-fed meat shares beginning in June and running through the end of October. Egg and mushroom shares are weekly or biweekly pickups whereas meat shares are every 4 weeks. You can choose any combination of the different shares and buy multiple shares if you would like. Click here for pricing and more info. The pickup locations are here on the farm, at the Horn Farm Center in York County, or at our Mulberry Street drop-off point in Lancaster City. Call 717-967-4012 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org to order. If you are picking up at the Horn Farm Center, we encourage you to also join theHorn Farm Center Vegetable CSA near York so that you can get vegetables, eggs, mushrooms and meat all in one place (same pickup time). Thanks!
Looking for Logs
We're still looking for logs to make next years mushroom harvest. Do you have a small woodlot that needs thinned? A tree that needs to come down this spring? We can provide some tree felling and sustainable forestry services, or simply come pick up wood that's already been felled. We can use oak, sugar maple, beech, and sweetgum. Trees need to be freshly cut and free of disease and rot. We need wood that is 4-8" in diameter cut to 3 ft lengths to make mushroom logs, but we can take other sizes for firewood if some of it falls in the appropriate range. Call 717-693-3381.
Pigs are powerful creatures full of energy and an unending desire to move and use their bodies everyday. Those bodies are essentially a sturdy, muscular tank with a nasal excavator at the front end. When a group of pigs gets to rooting and foraging for worms, roots, and grubs there will be soil flying in all directions. Knowing this, we decided to employ our pigs for some excavation work. We needed more space for corn and beans to feed ourselves through the winter as well as a place to plant tree seedlings en masse for planting out later. So, we decided to over winter our pigs on areas of lawn so that the pigs could spend all winter rooting up the sod, trampling hay into the ground we fed, and spreading their manure (as pigs do). What we are left with is no sod, fertile ground, and a little bit of work to loosen the soil back up for planting. This is one of the small ways we work with the natural tendencies of our livestock to fulfill a goal of ours while also making our livestock that much happier.
The grass returns!
FOOD AND JUSTICE
We try to include this section in each newsletter because it gives us an opportunity to talk about what is important to us here at the farm and to share the good work being done by others. We have highlighted organizations like Soul Fire Farm, a Black-led farm in New York state, and La Via Campesina, a movement supporting small farmers all over the world.
We want to bring it a little closer to home this time by sharing a bit about an organization that is trying to offer support to local people facing difficult times right in our own backyard. Community Place on Washington in Elizabethtown is a newly opened social service hub, housed in a renovated building that was once a school and a church. Within the building is the Community Cupboard food pantry, Elizabethtown Community Housing and Outreach Services (ECHOS), Elizabethtown Area Communites That Care (EACTC) offices, Community Action Program "Parents as Teachers" office, Barshinger Financial Counseling office and the Winter Shelter, which provides overnight housing in the colder months for those who are homeless. The building is owned by United Churches Elizabethtown Area (UCEA) which runs the Community Cupboard, Meals on Wheels and the clothing bank. Renovations are in process to tear down an old garage and build a new clothing bank. Campaigns are ongoing to build another building that would house five temporary low cost apartments, expanded ECHOS offices and Hope Within dental clinic. (Hope Within is a local non-profit medical clinic.)
According to Beth DeGoede, administrative assistant at Community Place, "if you talk to any Winter Shelter volunteers, they would tell you that the shelter is too crowded! There is really not enough room for the guests that we currently have. There are twice as many guests this year as last year. (NO, Mr. Trump, the economy is not doing well for everyone!) Also, Hope Within has been given all of the equipment needed to run a dental clinic (there is NO dental care for low-income individuals in northwest Lancaster County), they just need the space to put it."
We are glad there are local people working to create a more fair and just community and we agree especially with this statement from the mission and vision page of their website;" We believe we are all made stronger when we help each other."
Find more about what they do, and how to help at their website
April is tree planting party time. Come join in and help us establish a living fence and/or riparian buffers this month. Bring: proper boots, work gloves, sun hat, water bottle and weather appropriate clothes. Some shovels provided but bring your own if you have a favorite. Participants will get fed a hearty lunch and have time to wander the farm grounds. Details below!
Living fence planting party- April 6th, 9am-3pm Hedges were once, and still are in some places, a common land management practice delineating pastures amongst the commons. Our hedge will grow to be hog tight, provide medicinal hawthorn berries, create wildlife habitat and serve as a wind break.
Riparian buffer planting party- April 20th, 9am-4pm
Come join in and help us plant 300 riparian trees in collaboration with Chesapeake Bay Foundations Keystone 10 Million Tree Project. We'll be planting native species of sycamore, black willow, redbud, river birch, arrow wood, elderberry and tulip poplar.
Riparian buffers are important watershed ecosystems that filter sediments and contaminants from agricultural run off, prevent stream bank erosion, provide wildlife corridors and many other aquatic ecological functions. We'll be establishing riparian buffers on at least 4 sites along our section of Little Chiques creek, some intended to be multifunctional and some to be semi-wild spaces, all with the intention of encouraging a pasture to forested stream connection.
"We are not separate from each other, from the broader world around us; we are one with the Goddess, with the God... as the season changes, we arouse the power from within, the power to heal, the power to change our society, the power to renew the earth."
~Starhawk, "The Spiral Dance"
Ah, what a year 2018 has been. Trials and tribulations aside, as I sit here sipping on my hot cocoa I can't help but reflect on all of the gifts this year has brought to me and my community as well as the goals we've accomplished. For starters our farm has grown in a couple ways. Our newest community member, Laila Davis, has joined us in our quest bringing along with her thoughtful insights, fresh energy, and many new skills added to our collective tool box. We've also expanded the property by acquiring the blue house next door which now serves as housing for our growing community, lengthens our stewardship of the Little Chiques creek, and provides more opportunities for the foreseen (and unforeseen) future!
This fall also added more diversity and abundance to the Rising Locust landscape with the addition of a willow thicket across the way in an otherwise very wet area once planted with corn, soy, and alfalfa. This thicket will act as a coppice, or in other words, trees that can be cut over and over again to provide us with renewable fuel, basket making rods, and wood chips for the orchard all while preventing erosion and pesticides from entering our little piece of the Little Chiques watershed. Thank you everyone who came out to the work party and helped! Because of you we planted 500 trees in just one day!
We've had our first successful meat CSA this fall and plan to continue to offer shares! Thank you every one of the community members who've now joined us in our vision. We hope you enjoyed what our CSA shares have to offer and look forward to continue working with you. If anyone is interested in joining the winter meat CSA please see details below.
I would also like to take this time to express thanks and gratitude to everyone from Philhaven health center who have come to visit us this year, with an extra special thanks to Sue Wagner-Fields for organizing the field-trips. We love sharing what this land has to offer and very much appreciate the extra hands in the garden. Eli the dog loves the visits too and can barely wait for the next one!
Now the darkest time of year has passed. Light has been reborn with the returning of the Sun. May he grow strong to provide all of us with the fire and energy for making lasting positive changes.
2019 Internship Application Now Open - We are interested in partnering with self-motivated individuals to share in the work that we do while providing foundational knowledge and hands-on experience in regenerative agriculture, permaculture design, homesteading and community living.Please click here for more information and access to the application form. Share widely!
Winter Meat CSA Shares Available - What's a CSA? Community Supported Agriculture! When you become a member you are buying directly from your local farmer with no middle man. You will be supporting a local farm, one dedicated to regenerating the soil, the environment, and the ecological balance and diversity of your region. In return you get the convenience of a months worth of pastured meat in one day, receiving a sample of diverse cuts. We have full and half shares of beef and pork available. More info here on our website. Email us to reserve a share.
From Bones to Bloom: Ecological Design Course & PDC March 3- May 26
Friends and colleagues of ours will be teaching a Permaculture Design Course featuring Rising Locust Farm as one of the on-site "class rooms". A class on regenerative ecology for the 21st century landscape with Robyn Mello, Wilson Alvarez, & Benjamin Weiss. This course will embody the permaculture principle: “design from patterns to details.” Students will begin at the foundation of ecological design by understanding ecological concepts and principles, learning to deeply observe natural patterns. During the course, we’ll take students on a journey through ever more detailed aspects of ecological design, developing towards a tool-kit of land-based techniques for building a new paradigm of community and economy. Click here for full class description and registration
Looking for Logs
Its that time of year again. Do you have a small woodlot that needs thinned? A tree that needs to come down this winter? We can provide some tree felling and sustainable forestry services, or simply come pick up wood that's already been felled. We are looking to source logs for mushroom inoculation this winter and early spring. We can use oak, maple, beech, some birch, and ironwood. We need wood that is 4-8" in diameter to make mushroom logs, but we can take other sizes for firewood if some of it falls in the appropriate range. Call 717-693-3381.
INSIGHTS FROM THE PAST HELP US DESIGN FOR THE FUTURE
This past year we've had the pleasure to become acquainted with a mostly unknown treasure in southeast PA. Our good friends Dale Hendricks, of Green Light Plants, and fellow native plant nerd and permaculturist, Zach Elfers, have been mapping, studying, tasting and crawling among the remnants of the late John Hershey's tree crop plantations hidden among Downingtown's neighborhoods. John Hershey was an early permaculture pioneer before the term was officially coined. He was a contemporary of J. Russell Smith who wrote, "Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture", and both were committed to designing a better agricultural system based on fruit and nut trees, shrubs and other perennials instead of corn-soy monocultures. These systems are the very ones that we are visioning for Rising Locust Farm. It has been a dream come true to witness and interact with a design that has matured 80 years later, despite being encroached upon by development in the name of progress.
Burr oaks, honey locusts, persimmons, and pecans are some of the major varieties that Hershey tinkered with. One of his goals was to grow forage for his pigs (sound familiar?) that would fall throughout a full season. So, in honoring Johns mission, Dale urged us to forage bags full of honey locust pods to bring back and feed our beloved swine. The pigs loved it. We also feasted on the super-sugary fruits and pods and Laila made an excellent Kombucha with them too. And. we're currently in the process of drying and stratifying seed of Hershey's honey locusts, persimmons and hiccan nuts (hickory/pecan hybrid) so that we can grow out Hershey's trees in the spring to further his dream and our own.
"In the next two decades, it is predicted that 400 million acres of farmland in the US will change hands." - The Agrarian Trust
Accessing land is then number one barrier most young and beginning farmers face in their effort to grow food in service of their community and land. There are so many people who have the skills, energy, and drive to farm in a regenerative way but cannot due to the incredibly high start-up and capital costs of farming, especially in a world where land prices skyrocket and ownership is increasingly consolidated in the hands of a wealthy few. Also, the payoff of farming often takes 5-10 years before any profit can be realized and the commitment needed for perennial crops (read: regenerative farming) to mature is often much longer. These structural barriers are significant and often prohibitive in an economy that mostly values a quick profit and the next best thing.
Thankfully, there are many creative ways organizations and people are addressing the issues of land access. Some churches are providing their vast landholdings and public spaces as areas to grow food for the public, landowners are partnering with beginning farmers to provide affordable long-term leases, and land trusts continue to grow as a way to keep land tenure costs low and in productive hands. The Agrarian Trust is one of a number of land access organizations that is tirelessly working to help connect farmers with land and increase the amount of regenerative land stewards in the world. You can find more resources and info on their website.
The personal vision for our farm is to turn a 40 acre farm that might produce one or two main crops if managed by a single farmer into an agricultural mosaic of crops that can support multiple farmers in a farming community all while outyielding a single crop farm and restoring the land. Instead of 40 acres of corn or soy, it is 40 acres of grass-fed meats, nuts, fruit, veggies, grains and legumes, mushrooms, herbs, firewood, lumber, fenceposts, fibers, community-building, wildlife habitat, and carbon sequestration. All of those different enterprises represent opportunities for more farmers, more community relationships, and greater ecological resiliency. It's approaching land access issues not through land acquisition for a single farmer but by better utilizing land so that many farmers can farm together. A 40 acre farm becomes a way to have a grazier, orchardist, herbalist, veggie farmer, grain grower, woodworker, and mushroom guru all working the same land. Here's to diversifying our relationships with the land and people!
Winter Woodland Cleanup Party - February TBA
Join us in our first work party of the year to help clean up the trash left in the woods and restore the health of the Little Chiques creek corridor. After a good morning of community work we will have a meal prepared for all of the helpers. Look for details on facebook and in your inbox in early February.
Mushroom Inoculation Workshop - Late February/Early March TBA
Come learn how to cultivate shiitake mushrooms outdoors on wood logs. We will teach some of the basics of mycology, outdoor mushroom cultivation, and walk through the entire process of mushroom log inoculation. Go home with your own shiitake log! Details and price to follow, a limited number of participants will be accepted.
Spring Tree Planting Party - March/April - TBA
When the buds begin to swell on the trees its time for some spring tree planting to make the farm and world a better place! Come help us plant trees and eat a hearty meal provided by the farm. Learn about all of the amazing benefits of trees in agricultural ecosystems. Look for details on facebook and in your inbox this early spring.
Even as the days are now visibly waning, the wet season seems to not want to follow suit. 2018 has given many trials to food growers: a very cold late winter with almost no spring, followed by a hot and muggy summer that is runner up for Pennsylvania's wettest year on record. Despite this being bad for several of our garden plants, it's been quite the opposite in the pasture and forest.
We've observed baby saplings, planted this past spring, fall and spring of '17, grow 6 to 9 ft! The pasture grass is the most healthy the cows and sheep have ever seen, and flooding has brought a tiny stream back to life that now meanders its way to the Little Chiques creek. In general all of the woody perennials and so-called "invasive" medicinals are thriving thanks to the abundance of rain. Even some of the annuals did well despite the elements and fungal rot that effected others.
In the river hills we've eaten the sweet nectar of paw-paws like children leaving a sloppy mess all over faces and hands. Wild mushrooms such as chanterelles, boletes, chicken-of-the-woods, and oysters have been plentiful, their mycelial web decomposing dank wood, turning sick and dying to healthy earth. And, as we anticipate foraging black walnuts and hickories, acorns have been dropping upon us from the oaks above.
So now as we celebrate the years harvests and prepare for the coming winter we begin to slow down and reflect on what's working and what isn't, balancing light and dark. We also give gratitude to the water that brings us life, and to you, our community.
Our Farm Store is open! The little milkhouse just down our driveway by the bank barn has new life, with a fresh coat of paint and new lighting. The big chest freezer holds our pork, beef and lamb cuts for sale, and the refrigerator stores the pastured eggs and shiitake mushrooms. There is plenty of space left to add fruit, nuts, herbs and vegetables as we get our systems up and running! We are open Monday to Saturday, 8:00 am to 7:00 pm (call if you want to come on a Sunday - someone may be available).
Fall Meat CSA Shares! What's a CSA? Community Supported Agriculture! When you become a member you are buying directly from your local farmer with no middle man. You will be supporting a local farm, one dedicated to regenerating the soil, the environment, and the ecological balance and diversity of your region. In return you get the convenience of doing about a months worth of pastured meat shopping in one day, receiving a box of diverse cuts. We have full and half shares throughout the year. With our fall shares you get to choose beef, pork and/or lamb, and are a monthly pick-up from October-December either here on our farm, the Horn Farm Center in Hellam, or our Lancaster city location. Click here for ordering instructions and more info! ORDER NOW!
We now accept EBT/Snap cards! Onward to making healthy food more accessible to all!
Rain can bring abundance. In the newly planted 5 acre pasture across the road from the farmhouse, trees, cover crops, and pig forage grew with abandon all year long. Two foot tall chestnut whips turned into 8 ft trees in one growing season. A summer cover crop mix of sorghum, clover, cowpea, radish, brassica, chicory and sunflowers grew above my head in a matter of months. Hazels, oaks, persimmons, and apples all turned a rich, deep green as they converted sunlight into leaves, wood, and roots.
We could not have asked for a better growing season to turn this abused old cornfield into our forage wonderland we call "hog heaven." And we are grateful for it because the excellent growth of the forage helped our two first-time sows rear their full litters of 9 and 7 piglets, respectively, into healthy little tanks of porcine vigor (great job mamas!). Once again, caring for the land and increasing plant diversity brought in butterflies, spiders, crickets, grasshoppers, bunnies, groundhogs, snakes, and more into this small plot of land that stood silent as a lifeless field of chemically-treated soybeans last year. No longer.
As the pigs forage, root, and turn the remaining plants back into the soil they prepare the ground for more diverse plantings of cover crops to be seeded. These mixtures will overwinter and build the soil anew until the pigs come back to graze and root next year. All the while, our trees will be growing and in a few years will begin to bear fruits and nuts that will feed us humans and the pigs will feast on the leftovers in their pastures. I can hardly wait for that moment when apples, mulberries, oaks, hazels, persimmons, and chestnuts are dropping their abundance, while the pigs are stretched out and napping under the trees with full bellies and silly grins from over-indulging on the fallen smorgasbord of food. If that isn't a picture of hog heaven I don't know what is.
Food and Justice
Soul Fire Farm is a small, black-led organic farm in New York that is creating huge change in the food system. They are tackling food apartheid, climate change, racism in the food system, disconnection from land, harmful agricultural practices, lack of community, all while growing boatloads of life-giving food for their local community. They are also training the next generation of farmers, activists, and movers who are seeking to build community-based food systems that are equitable, grounded in the earth, regenerative, and open to all. Their websitewww.soulfirefarm.org has a wealth of information on how to take action in your daily life or where to press institutions for change to make food and farming a force for good in the world. Also, Leah Penniman, the executive director and author of the new book, Farming While Black, will be speaking at the Pennsylvania Association for Sustainable Agriculture (PASA) Conference in Lancaster this February, so mark your calendars! If you can, consider supporting the work of these amazing folks!
Fall is the time for harvest, gratitude, and tying up the loose ends of the growing year. For us, that means autumn is also the season for slaughtering and butchering animals. We will have two workshops this November on how to butcher chickens and sheep from our farm.
Sheep Butchering Workshop - Saturday November 3 (possibly Nov. 10 so stay tuned) 1:00pm-5:00pm - $75 (meat included)
Join us and our good friend and butcher Javier to learn how to properly break down an animal into cuts, grind meat, and some suggestions on how to prepare different cuts of mutton. Go home with 12 lbs of grass-fed mutton from our farm! In the morning (8am) will be a demonstration on evisceration that folks are welcome to see and then the afternoon (1pm) will be hands-on butchering, grinding, and vac-sealing. Bring a lunch if you are coming for the morning to watch the gutting process. Email or call to reserve a spot, space is limited!
Chicken Butchering Workshop - Saturday November 17 9:00am-2:00pm - $30 (1 chicken included)
Join us to learn how to slaughter, pluck, and gut a chicken so that it is ready for the table. Every attendee will have the opportunity to do the entire process themselves. Email or call to reserve a spot, space is limited! Note: these chickens are our older laying hens and are not suitable for frying or roasting but will make the best chicken soup you have ever eaten!
"Action on behalf of life transforms. Because the relationship between self and the world is reciprocal, it is not a question of first getting enlightened or saved and then acting. As we work to heal the Earth, the Earth heals us."
- Robin Wall Kimmerer, Braiding Sweetgrass: Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge, and the Teaching of Plants
Summer solstice sunrise from the pasture! The final celebration of the days of growing light before the slow transition to winter darkness.
Abundance in Relationship
Summer is the time for abundance, deep green plants, flowers turning to fruit, and all of the brilliance of life on full display. We see it in the large flushes of shiitake mushrooms after a deep soak of water, in the rows of black raspberries bent over with the weight of purple fruit, in the orchard where "weeds" are covered in honeybees drinking their heart's desire of nectar, and in the pasture where trees are stretching 3 ft higher in a little over a month of growth. We are feeling a great deal of gratitude for some of the abundance that we have helped to cultivate here and the abundance that occurs if you don't get too much in the way with nature.
In the pasture, it has been a remarkable transition the last four years. When we began grazing four years ago, our field was a yellow-green mix of sparse grasses and weeds, lacking in fertility and stressed from the 40 years prior of conventional tillage, monocropping and herbicide use. There really was not much life in the soil. Within a month from our start at grazing, dung beetles appeared and began to work the cow-pies in the field and transport all of that fertility down into the soil where it could be used to jumpstart the plants, fungi, insects and bacteria that call the soil home. The second year, the grass began to thicken and we did not have to mow weeds off as much. We also seeded some clover that begin to put more fertility in the soil due to its remarkable association with bacteria that converts nitrogen from thin air into usable plant fertilizer. In the third year, the pasture took off with a thick stand of clover, grass and newly planted trees (thanks to all of our helpers!) that probably doubled the total forage from when we started. And this year, the new benefit has been the growing presence of birds, especially tree swallows, in our pasture. Each day when we move the "flerd," dozens of tree and barn swallows swoop in and around our animals picking off flies mid-air and performing some impressive acrobatics. There are fewer total flies on our animals then ever before, the presence of birds means more free fertilizer falling from the sky, and the birds provide a great deal of entertainment to us as they are quite fun to watch. All we did was make multiple bird houses (huge shoutout to Pappy and his craftmanship!), place them all along our fenceline, and rotationally graze so that the grass is abundant and our cows and sheep are happy! The swallows did the rest.
These sorts of partnerships with nature are so important to recognize and cultivate as they provide multiple benefits for our farm, increase the overall biodiversity and abundance of wildlife, and foster deeper connections with the land we derive our sustenance from. It is a constant reminder to us that when we slow down, listen to the wisdom of the natural world around us and try to understand and emulate its patterns and relationships, we can live in a more beautiful world that has more life and much more connection. We cannot grow food that is nourishing if we abuse the land in the process. When we look out across the road at the end of the day to the monoculture of corn of our farming neighbors it exemplifies this. Whereas our fields and gardens are lit up with a remarkable light show of fireflies flicking on and off in the thousands, there is barren silence and emptiness in those fields across the way where the land has been treated as a means to an end. When there is violence done to the land, violence done to our neighbors and violence done to ourselves, we sever those relationships that provide the capacity for love, relationship and abundance. Nature works by making connections. And as we continue to learn and be in relationship with the rest of the land we live on and each other we hope to see greater diversity, abundance, and joy expressed in these places. I hope the same for the land and people you are in relationship with these next few months.
Lots of Food Available for Sale!
We have lots of eggs, pork, beef, (a little) lamb, and shiitake mushrooms for sale on the farm, at Lancaster East Side Market, through the Horn Farm, or at one of our drop-off locations in Elizabethtown or Lancaster! Bulk pricing is available if you have the freezer space. Give us a call, email, or stop on in!
The newest members of the farm! This duck "disappeared" for a month to sit on eggs in a hidden location on the farm. We never found her until she appeared with this cute little entourage.
Food and Justice
This issue of our newsletter we would like to highlight the international organization, La Via Campesina. The name directly translates to "the Peasant's Road", or as they refer to it, "the International Peasant's Movement"! The group formed by representatives of farmers from four continents in 1993 in Mons, Belgium, as a way to fight global agricultural and trade policies that were threatening small farmers' land and human rights. They hold women and children's rights as top priorities to fight for, recognizing that they make up most of the worlds farming work force while being oppressed by capitalism and patriarchy. Here's a fine description fromLVC's website:
"La Via Campesina is an international movement bringing together millions of peasants, small and medium size farmers, landless people, rural women and youth, indigenous people, migrants and agricultural workers from around the world. Built on a strong sense of unity, solidarity between these groups, it defends peasant agriculture for food sovereignty as a way to promote social justice and dignity and strongly opposes corporate driven agriculture that destroys social relations and nature."
Using a decentralized structure in grass-roots lead movements, "La Via Campesina comprises 182 local and national organisations in 81 countries from Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas. Altogether it represents about 200 million farmers. It is an autonomous, pluralist, multicultural movement, political in its demand for social justice while being independent from any political party, economic or other type of affiliation."
La Via Campesina uses a variety of tactics to meet their three main goals: 1) Defending Food Sovereignty, Struggle for Land, and Agrarian Reforms; 2) Promoting Agroecology and Defending Local Seeds; and 3) Promoting Peasant Rights and Struggle Against Criminalization of Peasants.
- The use and release of "gene drives" which have the ability to completely eliminate certain animal and plant species by altering just a few genetically-modified individuals and releasing them
– The modification of international rules and regulations that prevent the right to reject genetically-modified plants and animals forcing them instead to accept new genetic engineering techniques
– The allowance of free and unlimited access by a few transnational corporations to the genetic sequences of living organisms. This gives them the ability to patent seeds, farm animals, medicines, and other industrialized products derived from natural biodiversity
We at Rising Locust recognize that we directly benefit from the pillars of oppression created by hundreds of years of ongoing settler colonialism. Although we too identify as peasants, we know we're still a part of the ruling class in this country, as well as others that have been colonized through white supremacy. We are doing our best to use our privilege as a tool to shift those structures that will hopefully topple the pillars sooner than later, redistributing the power back to the people. One way to do this is by supporting La Via Campesina's mission. Examples include donating resources to any of their regional organizations, learning about their causes and telling others, or taking part in organizing one of the solidarity events listed on their schedule.
Jono herding the "flerd." Summer is the time to move the flerd everyday so that the grass can rest and reinvigorate itself before it is munched on again. This rotation of 30-45 days allows the roots and shoots to regrow dramatically before being grazed again. Each time an area is grazed it receives a healthy dose of cow poop fertilizer that helps build the soil and improve our pasture!
We have been quite busy here at the farm, with lots of garden work, planting trees, shrubs and herbs, tending the mushroom logs, and taking care of animals, including the new arrivals - lambs, chicks, ducklings! We are awaiting the arrival of piglets too - due in early July. We held an Open Farm Day on May 26, and have several Reading Roundtables, and a Potluck/Movie Night (thanks to Sue and Damon Wagner-Fields for leading a great discussion on the movie The Economics of Happiness!) We will take a break from Reading Roundtables for the summer.
Here's what's happening this summer:
Intro to Lacto-fermentation Workshop - Thursday August 2, 6:30-9.
Register by July 30th, by emailing email@example.com
Suggested donation: $5-$10 no one turned away for lack of funds.
Lacto-fermentation is the ancient art of preserving vegetables using salt. The use of salt inhibits pathogenic bacterial growth and allows only the lactic acid bacteria to thrive, converting the natural sugars of the produce into zingy, tangy, sour, umami! This ain't like those vinegar pickles!
This is a very interactive workshop for the newbie fermenter and will begin with priming your palette with SAMPLES of some recent fermentations made by the facilitators while discussing the health benefits of lacto-fermented foods.
You will learn both brining and salting techniques to begin making your own pickles, krauts, hot sauces, and kimchis. You will then have the opportunity to make a small-batch ferment of your choosing. You will leave not only with a ferment of your own creation, but enough knowledge and confidence to continue to experiment with fermentation using all kinds of produce at home.
Feel free to bring any favorite kitchen implements, knife, mandoline, box grater if you desire.
Please Register by July 30th, space is limited! Please register by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org so we can have the appropriate amount of produce and other materials for the workshop.
Justina Wenger-Pfarr and Donna Volles are two fermentationistas who love to talk food (with food in their mouth!), nutrition, and ways to create health-conscious comestibles. These ladies aren't afraid to experiment with flavor!
How PV Works: Demystifying the fundamentals of photovoltaic systems - Saturday, August 25 (time to determined)
Are you interested in setting up your own simple solar system? Or are you just curious about how they work? Join us as Dr. Kurt DeGoede from Elizabethtown College explains the fundamental functionality of PV modules, and Inverters, the use of several great online resources, and batteries/charge controllers for off-grid systems. This will include some hands-on measurement.
We will send out an email by the beginning of August with further details about the time and length (and it will be posted on our website and Facebook page.)
" I have seen that community and a close relationship with the land can enrich human life beyond all comparison with material wealth or technological sophistication. I have learned that another way is possible."
~ Helena Norberg-Hodge (director of the documentary The Economics of Happiness) - see the events section for information on watching this film here at the farm at a Movie night/Potluck)
Skunk cabbage emerging from its winter slumber
Our relationship with the land here at the farm has been an interesting one this late winter and early spring - each week brings a new weather pattern. We got excited by the early growth of the grass in the pasture, and then the cold weather returned, and the growth slowed. Each day of sunlight and warmth has been a promise of the coming spring, but winter has not been quite ready to give up its grasp.
We have moved into a more active pattern of work here, in spite of the fluctuating weather. New summer shade and rain shelters for the cows, sheep and pigs are being built as they get ready to move out of their winter quarters in and near the barn. Raspberry plants have been divided and replanted, doubling the size of the beds. Orchard beds have been laid out and mulched with wood chips, ready for planting when the trees arrive. Flats of seeds were started indoors, and some are soon ready to move out to their garden beds. Mushroom logs (400!) were inoculated and are stacked in their new resting places down by the creek. As the trees, plants and animals begin to wake up, so do our bodies, as we shed our winter stiffness and begin to adjust to more physical labor - how good that feels!
In the quote above, Helena Norberg-Hodge refers to enriching human life with a close relationship with the land and community. We hope to foster more community by inviting people here more intentionally (we have always been happy to have many visitors). Our upcoming events are listed below and we are glad to hear new ideas of ways to connect to the greater community around us.
Reserve an 1/8 or 1/4 of 100% grass-fed Highland Beef now! Find prices and info on our website below! We still have pork, lamb, and eggs available in bulk or by the cut. Contact us to order on the website!
Sign up for a Pork or Egg Share along with your vegetable share at the Horn Farm Center in York! You can find more info on our website and at the Horn Farm's website. Email or call all pork and egg orders to us. Thanks!
- At the Farm - Any day, just let us know your coming! - Mulberry St in Lancaster (Mondays 5-7pm) Order ahead and we will send you the address for pickup - Etown Church of the Brethren parking lot from 11:45-12:15 on Sundays. Order ahead - Shady Acres Farm Stand in Elizabethtown (Mon-Sat) is stocking our frozen grass-fed lamb and fresh pastured duck eggs - Horn Farm Center in York (Pork and Egg Shares) - These pork and egg shares will be from May-Oct at the same time as the Horn Farm Center's vegetable CSA.Order now!
The Orchard ready to plant!
TREES AND TREES AND TREES
If you haven't noticed by now, we love trees! So far, we have planted over 1200 trees and shrubs on the farm to regenerate our soil, produce food and fodder, sequester carbon, provide habitat, and make our lives that much more beautiful. We can't sing the praises of our woody elders enough! This spring we are planting thousands of trees into two new areas we have not yet cultivated. The first is the 1/2 acre open field next to our house and garden and the the other is the 5 acres across the road we have rented to a neighbor the past few years.
The 1/2 acre plot will be a climate resilient fruit orchard full of apples, persimmons, pawpaw, pears, goji berries, raspberries, asparagus, currants, saskatoon, gooseberries, aronia berries, and seaberries. Beneath all of this diversity will be a wide variety of medicinal herbs, herbs for pollinators, grasses, and clovers. And our resident duck flock will enjoy bounding through the trees, shrubs and herbs eating up orchard pests and slugs while being their whimsical selves. It will be duck heaven!
Across the road will be 5 acres of nut trees, fruit trees, and pasture. In this system, we are planting blocks of chestnuts, hybrid oaks, hazelnuts, mulberries, native persimmons, and summer apples to provide food for us as well as feed for our hogs and chickens. We will pick all of the fruit and nuts we can sell and eat, with plenty left over. When we are done harvesting, we can run the pigs and chickens through to cleanup all of the delicious leftovers! All of these trees will help us replace our purchased grain feed for our hogs and chickens creating healthier livestock which is more economical to produce! We can't wait to be able to share the bounty of all of these trees and plants in the coming years as they produce and grow more and more food!
FOOD AND JUSTICE
There are a number of organizations across the US that are advancing the causes of food justice, ecological restoration, and regenerative agriculture. There are also grass-roots lead movements fighting oppression and seeking to shift power all over the globe. Often these are groups led by people of color that do not receive the news, credit, or funding they deserve. As a community committed to furthering regenerative agriculture, permaculture, and right livelihood for people, we want to highlight and share some of these community-focused food and justice organizations with all of you.
Here locally our beloved Susquehanna river and Appalachian neighbors have been under attack by unconventional gas exploration (aka fracking) for over a decade. The latest form in this harmful boom and bust economy is the construction of large pipelines to move the fracked gas to the coastal market for export overseas. Currently there are two major pipeline projects cutting through the river valley: the Atlantic Sunrise Project and Sunoco's Mariner East II pipeline. Our farm sits within 5 miles of both lines. Seeing the destruction and out of state work trucks is a daily reality for us.
Once these pipelines are built they will allow more drilling to occur within the shale fields furthering ecological and public health degradation. In a recent compendium of studies compiled by Physicians for Social Responsibility, overwhelmingly "more than 80% document risks or actual harms caused by fracking". The negative effects include but are not limited to: increased rates of premature births and infant mortality, cancers, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, road accidents, worker sudden death episodes, and increased crime rates. The corporations leading these projects have clear-cut intact forests, taken private property by eminent domain, contaminated streams and drinking wells, and divided rural communities while bullying small family farmers into submission.
In 2016 the Holleran family lost 90% of their sugar bush, from which they farmed maple syrup in Susquehanna County, to the Constitution Pipeline which was never built. While non-violently defending their home U.S. marshals armed with automatic rifles arrived to assist the workers in felling the sugar maple trees. The Mohn's, organic hay farmers in Conestoga Township in Lancaster County, have filed against Williams Partners for violations against their contract for ignoring safeguards set in place to ensure they maintain their Organic Certification that they've worked many hard years to obtain and keep.
In Columbia County, Hearts and Bones Farm, a young family that operates a vegetable CSA outside of Bloomsburg, had to suspend their farming operation for the 2018 season until pipeline construction is complete. The pipeline will cut straight through their market garden and green house, and trenched across Fishing Creek in their backyard. Once a bucolic setting to raise their children, steward the land, and live the good life, their livelihood has been literally uprooted. All of these farmers had their land seized by eminent domain for corporate profit. Lancaster Farmland Trust, in a statement read at a rally last year, said the pipeline would "impact the county's farm families and diminish the value of preserved farms in its path".
Resistance in the river hills has been empowering, though. An on-going tree-sit in Huntingdon County within the Gerhart family's preserved forest, called Camp White Pine, has been blocking the Mariner East II line for over a year. An order of Catholic Nun's in Columbia, PA, the Adorer's of the Blood of Christ, have been hosting non-denominational vigils at a small hand built chapel where the Atlantic Sunrise crosses their property and have filed for an injunction to the federal court to halt operations in accordance with their faith. Lancaster Against Pipelines have been organizing and leading the county in mass participatory non-violent direct action. They've hosted a myriad of training's, speaking events, sit-in's, blockades, demonstrations, an encampment, and organized with CELDF (Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund) attempting to advance the rights of townships and give the power to the people and the land.
Although there's been a lot going on, it never seems to be enough when facing a seemingly impossible opponent like multi-national corporations who have so much leverage over the government agencies who are supposed to be regulating them. Fossil fuel pipeline infrastructure isn't just a local issue. The majority of exploitative land grabs are happening to Indigenous peoples, as we can recall the Dakota Sioux having their treaty broken and calling for support at Standing Rock. Currently the Ramapough-Lenape have been maintaining the Split Rock Sweetwater Prayer Camp on their ancestral lands in so-called Mahwah, NJ, along the proposed path of the Pilgrim Pipeline. There are many resistance campaigns like these in North America and around the world working hard to put an end to invasive energy consumption.
It is important to act both as hospice for the dying system that's grasping to hold control, and as midwives for the birth of the new dawn. Every one of us has a role to fill right now to defend the land for generations to come. Whether its donating money/supplies, attending a rally, calling Governor Wolf demanding a moratorium, doing door to door canvassing, learning how to monitor workers at job sites, being a legal observer at a direct action protest, or one of the brave folks putting their body on the line, your help is needed. Please take time to check out the links provided, ask yourself what you have to offer, and find out how you can plug in or donate.
Seedlings waiting for spring!
March was busy here, despite the uncooperative weather and unworkable ground. We had two successful workshops two weekends in a row! Both homemade kombucha brewing and shiitake log inoculation brought familiar and new faces together to learn some homestead-y skills. Rising Locust will continue to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and the cultivation of self-sufficiency amongst each other. Stay tuned for upcoming events, including a cob oven build, bread baking with our friend Deb Santiago, and lacto-fermentation skill-shares.
Our monthly Reading Roundtable discussions continue through spring. We begin around 7pm and usually wrap up around 8:30-9pm depending on how deep we get. The following dates and topics have been lined up for the next few months.
Saturday May 5 at 5:30 pm - Movie Night and Potluck The Economics of Happiness
This short film looks at the link between globalization and climate change, and the effects these have on quality of life around the globe. Not only eye opening, but uplifting, this film demonstrates that a shift towards localization is a feasible way to make greater change. Thanks to our friends Sue and Damon Wagner Fields for the suggestion! We'll kickoff at 5:30 with a potluck followed the film and discussion.
"January observation can be almost as simple and peaceful as snow, and almost as continuous as cold. There is time not only to see who has done what, but to speculate why."
~Aldo Leopold, 'A Sand County Almanac'
A warm greetings friends. We hope you all are enjoying the company of family and friends sitting by a fire with hot cocoa (possibly adulterated). Winter is the time for reflecting on the year past and looking to set intentions and goals for the future. It's the season for hibernation, living off the fat reserves and foods that have been cached away. Most importantly, it marks the end of darkness and is the harbinger of new light. Here at the homestead we've been busy welcoming the seasons rotary by hunkering down and collaborating on a permaculture design plan that looks to regenerate our little corner of the world for generations to come.
We'd like to thank everyone who came out and helped us plant over 1,300 trees in our pasture this year. As these trees mature they will provide shade, forage, wind protection for our highland cattle, sheep, hogs, and chickens which will improve their health and well-being. The trees will also benefit the farm by capturing manure and nutrients from the animals, cycling fertility with their deep roots, and soaking up water. All of this will greatly improve the depth and quality of our soil by sequestering boatloads of carbon and will increase the health of the Little Chiques Creek. And down the road, these trees will provide fuel, lumber, fenceposts, and whatever fruit and nuts we can gather before the animals do!
Plans for the coming season include planting even more trees(!), shrubs, herbs, vines and groundcovers to diversify the land and create robust regenerative systems. These plans include a U-pick fruit orchard, a 5 acre hog haven nut pasture, an outdoor kitchen and gathering space, and rehabilitating and rewilding the existing riparian woodlot that hugs the creek. Keep your eyes and ears open for upcoming farm events/skillshares to help make these projects happen and learn a thing or two while doing it!
"Observe and interact" is the first principle in permaculture design. Winter is also the most conducive time for observation. We're forced to slow down our hurried lives, even stop on days that Mother Nature tells us to. In this time of stillness it's easier to observe both what is around us and inside of us. Take it all in with all of your senses. Look at things from different perspectives. Sit with it. Take detailed notes as you recall what you've observed. Ask questions of your perceptions, your interpretations. Then, maybe, it's time to interact instead of reacting.
We have a website now! You can send us orders for pork and lamb as well as see current inventory and prices!
We also now have an order pickup on Mondays 5-7pm at 140 Mulberry St in Lancaster. Send us your order and let us know you will be there! Thanks!
We have an exciting new partner in our work - New Community Project. We are honored that they have asked us to become an affiliate of theirs and welcome us into their organization - here is a brief statement about their work from their homepage:
“NCP is a small organization with a big goal - to change the world by changing the way we relate to the planet and its people. We offer resources that challenge us, experiences that change us and a community that gives us hope. Join us!”
Some of the Work NCP does: - Learning Tours around the globe to work with partner organizations. These organizations focus on women’s and girls issues, climate change and environmental issues, and social justice. - Sustainable Living Centers that “put our principles into practice” in Harrisonburg, Va and Starksboro, VT. - Providing speakers and educational materials for schools, campuses, faith communites regarding all aspects of their work.
We have joined with them as an affiliate - which means we share the basic values and goals of NCP, and we will work together to share knowledge, support and encouragement. So we will help share information about their programs and offerings and they will do the same for us. Expect to see more about this in the future!
Shiitakes in Full Bloom!
LOOKING FOR LOGS
Do you have a small woodlot that needs thinned? A tree that needs to come down this winter? We can provide some tree felling and sustainable forestry services! We are looking to source logs for mushroom inoculation this winter and early spring. We can use oak, maple, beech, some birch, and ironwood. Logs must be between 4-8 inches in diameter and cut this winter or by us! Give us a ring 717-693-3381
FOOD AND JUSTICE
There are a number of organizations across the US that are advancing the causes of food justice, ecological restoration, and regenerative agriculture. Often these are groups led by people of color that do not receive the news, credit, or funding they deserve. As a community committed to furthering regenerative agriculture, permaculture, and right livelihood for people, we want to highlight and share some of these community-focused food and justice organizations with all of you.
The Black Permaculture Network and the National Black Food and Justice Alliance are two such groups. I encourage you to look at some of the work they are doing, support their causes, and offer any resources you can make available. Reading the Black Permaculture Network Solidarity Statement is a great place to start!
Designing where to plant trees and orchards means maps, crayons and creativity!
2/21 - Reading Roundtable (Every 3rd Wednesday) 7pm:
Once every month we come together to discuss a different article as a group. Topics so far have covered social justice, climate change, the importance of language and names, and radical economics. February's article will be The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander discussing racism, mass incarceration, and the war on drugs.
3/3 - Kombucha Brewing Skill Share 2-4 pm:
Our friend Emily Wilcox and community member Donna Volles will be showing the ways of this ancient Chinese fermentation. Kombucha (aka "mushroom tea") is a vinegary sweet health beverage brewed with a mother SCOBY. There will be tastings of different homemade kombuchas and juns, a brewing demonstration, discussion, and the opportunity to take home your own SCOBY! Free by donation ($10 suggested) no one turned away!
TBD (spring) - Mushroom Log Inoculation
Come join us to learn how to inoculate and grow your own shiitake mushrooms outside on logs. Participants will have a log to take home! Details to come!
Have an idea for a skillshare or event? Something you want to learn, something you want to teach, or something you feel like is missing in our corner of Lancaster? Email us your thoughts and ideas!